Credits and Sources
This exhibit is the work of many. William A. (Andy) Cloud, Steve Black and Jennifer Piehl are the primary authors. Additional writing was contributed by Carly Whelan and David Hill. TBH Co-Editor Steve Black created the exhibit with the help of TBH web developer Heather Smith, who crafted many of the exhibit graphics.
The La Junta exhibit was underwritten by grants from the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Texas Preservation Trust Fund (Texas Historical Commission), the Mitchell Family Foundation, and the Summerlee Foundation. E. Thomas Miller provided additional support.
TBH partner organization, the Center for Big Bend Studies (CBBS) of Sul Ross State University supported the exhibit in many ways as part of the ongoing Trans-Pecos Archaeological Project. Authors Cloud and Piehl are on the CBBS staff. Many of the images are from the CBBS Archives. The Center also gave permission to provide linked PDF files of numerous articles relating to La Junta that have been published in The Journal of Big Bend Studies. Ellen Kelley provided essential help going through the papers and photographs of J. Charles Kelley. Dawnella Petrey scanned many CBBS images relating to La Junta.
Enrique Madrid of Redford provided advice and editorial suggestions, and guided Black on a great tour of La Junta. Special logistical thanks to Meredith Dreiss of Marfa.
This exhibit would not be possible without the work of the late J. Charles Kelley. His words, ideas, images, and findings are featured throughout the exhibit. Most of the articles he wrote about La Junta can be downloaded below.
Andy Cloud, a native Texan and Senior Project Archaeologist for the Center for Big Bend Studies at Sul Ross State University, received both his B.A. (Archeological Studies—1978) and M.A. (Anthropology with a focus in Archeology—1987) degrees from the University of Texas at Austin. With hands-on experience in Texas archaeology since 1979, he has worked in most areas of the state during stints at the Texas Historical Commission, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Big Bend National Park, the Texas Archeological Research Laboratory, and several private archeological firms.
Since 1986, when Cloud’s work began as an archeologist at Big Bend National Park, he has focused his efforts on the archeology of the Big Bend region, authoring or co-authoring over 30 research or cultural resource management reports. His research has recently concentrated on the rich archaeological past of La Junta de los Ríos.
Jennifer Piehl received her Ph.D. in anthropology from Tulane University in 2006. She works in the Maya area and in West Texas, combining archaeological and biological anthropology in the investigation of mortuary practices, paleopathology, identity, and ritual. Dr. Piehl is the Assistant Director of the El Perú-Waka’ Archaeological Project in Peten, Guatemala and Bioarchaeologist for the Belize Valley Archaeological Reconnaissance investigations at the site of Baking Pot. She has conducted a regional analysis of mortuary practices and prehistoric health in the eastern Trans-Pecos region of West Texas for the Center for Big Bend Studies, Sul Ross State University.
La Junta Indians
La Junta de los Rios
All sources with the Adobe Acrobat symbol——can be downloaded as PDF files.
Applegate, Howard G. and C. Wayne Hanselka
Cloud, William A.
2004 The Arroyo de la Presa Site: A Stratified Late Prehistoric Campsite Along the Rio Grande, Presidio County, Trans-Pecos Texas. Reports in Contract Archeology 9, Center for Big Bend Studies, Sul Ross State University, Alpine, and Archeological Studies Program Report 56, Texas Department of Transportation, Environmental Affairs Division, Austin.
Cloud, William A., and Jennifer C. Piehl
Cloud, William A., Robert J. Mallouf, Patricia A. Mercado-Allinger, Cathryn A. Hoyt, Nancy A. Kenmotsu, Joseph M. Sanchez, and Enrique R. Madrid
Di Peso, Charles C.
Griffen, William B.
1979 Indian assimilation in the Franciscan area of Nueva Vizcaya. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.
1988 Utmost Good Faith, Patterns of Apache-Mexican Hostilities in Northern Chihuahua Border Warfare, 1821–1848. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque.
Hammond, George P., and Agapito Rey (translators and editors)
Holliday, Vance T., and James E. Ivey
Ivey, James E.
John, Elizabeth A. H.
Jones, Oakah L.
Kelley, J. Charles
1947 Jumano and Patarabueye: Relations at La Junta de los Rios. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. (See Kelley 1986 for published version).
1952a Factors Involved in the Abandonment of Certain Peripheral Southwestern Settlements. American Anthropologist 54(3):356–387.
1957 The Livermore Focus: A Clarification. El Palacio 64(1–2):44–52.
1985 Review of the Architectural Sequence at La Junta de los Rios. In Proceedings of the Third Jornada Mogollon Conference, edited by M. S. Foster and T. C. O’Laughlin. The Artifact 23(1 & 2):149–159.
1986 Jumano and Patarabueye, Relations at La Junta de los Rios. Anthropological Papers No. 77. Museum of Anthropology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.
1992 Introduction in Expedition to La Junta de los Ríos, 1747–1748: Captain Commander Joseph de Ydoiaga’s Report to the Viceroy of New Spain, translated by Enrique Rede Madrid, pp. xi–xv. Office of the State Archeologist Special Report 33. Texas Historical Commission, Austin.
2004 Preliminary Ceramic Type Descriptions from the La Junta Archeological District. Appendix IV, in The Arroyo de la Presa Site: A Stratified Late Prehistoric Campsite Along the Rio Grande, Presidio County, Trans-Pecos Texas by William A. Cloud, pp. 211–214. Reports in Contract Archeology 9, Center for Big Bend Studies, Sul Ross State University, Alpine, and Archeological Studies Program Report 56, Texas Department of Transportation, Environmental Affairs Division, Austin.
Kelley, J. Charles, T. N. Campbell, and Donald J. Lehmer
Kelley, J. Charles and Ellen A. Kelley
Kenmotsu, Nancy A.
2005 Insights from INAA about possible In-Migration of Groups to La Junta de los Rios, Texas. Paper presented at the 70th Annual Meeting, Society for American Archaeology, Salt Lake City.
1948 The Jornada Branch of the Mogollon. Social Science Bulletin 17. University of Arizona 19(2):9–99. Tucson.
Madrid, Enrique R. (translator)
1993 Architectural Details of San Antonio de Los Puliques Mission, El Polvo Site (41PS21), Redford, Texas. The Cache 1:19–24
Mallouf, Robert J.
1990 A Commentary on the Prehistory of Far Northeastern Chihuahua, the La Junta District, and the Cielo Complex. Translation of La Prehistoria del noreste de Chihuahua: Complejo Cielo y Distrito La Junta, in Historia General de Chihuahua I: Geología Geografía y Arqueología, edited by Arturo Marquez-Alameda. Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez y Gobierno del Estado de Chihuahua, Juárez.
2005 Late Archaic Foragers of Eastern Trans-Pecos Texas and the Big Bend. In The Late Archaic Across the Borderlands: From Foraging to Farming, edited by Bradley J. Vierra, pp. 219–246. University of Texas Press, Austin.
Morgenthaler, G. Jefferson
2007 La Junta de los Rios: The Life, Death, and Resurrection of an Ancient Desert Community in the Big Bend Region of Texas. Mockingbird Books, Boerne, Texas.
Riley, Carroll L.
Sayles, E. B.
1936 An Archeological Survey of Chihuahua, Mexico. Medallion Papers 22. Gila Pueblo, Globe, Arizona.
Schaafsma, Curtis F. and Carroll L. Riley, eds.
Shackelford, William J.