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Plateaus and Canyonlands Main
Prehistoric Texas Main
Photo of Loop 1604 today with IH 10 in background.
Today what is left of Pavo Real is entombed in concrete beneath the four bridges that now span Leon Creek where prehistoric peoples once camped. View east with Interstate 10 in the background.

Credits & Sources

The Pavo Real exhibit was written or adapted from the technical report by TBH Co-Editor Steve Black. Meg Kemp prepared the exhibit for the web. Al McGraw, Clark Wernecke, and Mike Collins provided Black with helpful information. Mike Collins also wrote most of the Paleoindian section. The exhibit was sponsored by the Environmental Affairs Division of the Texas Department of Transportation in order to share the results of the scientific work at the Pavo Real site with the public.

Jerry Henderson served as field director of the 1979-1980 TxDOT excavations. Chuck Johnson was the project geologist. Frank A. Weir served as principal investigator.

During the 2000-2003 TARL analysis, Thomas R. Hester served as principal investigator, Dale Hudler and Steve Black were co-project archeologists, and Hudler was also the project manager. Michael Collins conducted the study of the Paleoindian materials and drew together the materials on the geology of the site. Black conducted the study of the Archaic archeology and the hearths. Hudler analyzed the Archaic projectile points, coordinated the neutron activation analysis of the cherts, synthesized the paleoclimatic evidence relating to the region, and did most of the data management chores. Darrell Creel, as Director of TARL and as a member of the field crew that excavated at Pavo Real, provided leadership and unique insights throughout the project. G. Lain Ellis, Jim Abbott, and Nancy Kenmotsu of TxDOT administered the contract and provided advice on many aspects of the project.

All of the photographs are now in the TARL archives. Most of the field photographs were taken by Jerry Henderson. Most of the artifact photographs were taken by Milton Bell and Jeffrey Link. Edward De La Rosa, Clark Wernecke, Sam Gardner and Link produced the graphics.

Print Sources:

Aitken, M. J.
1985   Luminescence Dating. Academic Press, London.

Black, Stephen. L., Linda. W. Ellis, Darrell. G. Creel, and Glenn. T. Goode
1997   Hot Rock Cooking on the Greater Edwards Plateau: Four Burned Rock Midden Sites in West Central Texas. Studies in Archeology 22, Texas Archeological Research Laboratory, The University of Texas at Austin; Archeological Studies Program, Report No. 2, Environmental Affairs Division, Texas Department of Transportation, Austin.

Black, Stephen L., Kevin Jolly, Charles D. Frederick, Jason R. Lucas, James W. Karbula, Paul R. Takac, and Daniel R. Potter
1998   Investigations and Experimentation at the Higgins Site (41BX184). Archeology along the Wurzbach Parkway, Module 3. Studies in Archeology 27. Texas Archeological Research Laboratory, The University of Texas at Austin.

Black, Stephen L., and A. Joachim McGraw
1985   The Panther Springs Creek Site: Cultural Change and Continuity within the Upper Salado Creek Watershed, South-Central Texas. Archaeological Survey Report No. 100, Center for Archaeological Research, University of Texas at San Antonio.

Collins, Michael B.
1999   Clovis Blade Technology. University of Texas Press, Austin.

Collins, Michael B., Dale B. Hudler, and Stephen L. Black
2003   Pavo Real (41BX52): A Paleoindian and Archaic Camp and Workshop on the Balcones Escarpment, South-Central Texas. Studies in Archeology 41, Texas Archeological Research Laboratory, The University of Texas at Austin and Archeological Studies Program, Report 50 Environmental Affairs Division, Texas Department of Transportation. [Available through TxDOT.]

Dixon, E. J.
1999   Bones, Boats & Bison: Archeology and the First Colonization of Western North America. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque.

Frison, George
1991   Prehistoric Hunters of the High Plains, 2nd Edition. Academic Press, New York.


Pavo Real Story Map

[Interesting "story map" presentation on the site, created by the Center for Archaeological Research at the University of Texas at San Antonio for the Bexar Tricentennial]

Gault Site Exhibit on TBH

The following topics may be of interest in The Handbook of Texas Online:

   Gault site

   Wilson-Leonard site

   Kincaid site